Dr. Ruff is a clinical neuropsychologist and rehabilitation psychologist who since the early 1980s has specialized in working with patients who have sustained traumatic brain injury (TBI). The focus of his research and clinical work in neuropsychology has been assessing and treating the cognitive and psychological changes that occur subsequent to a neurological illness. He has developed and published several tests that address specific functions often compromised in patients with TBI. The therapeutic model includes evaluating not only the patient’s cognitive strengths and weaknesses, but also their emotional status. He also integrates the caregivers’ and community’s role into the patient’s rehabilitation.
In 1983, while a faculty member at University of California, San Diego, Dr. Ruff began building a support network for his patients and their families by founding the San Diego Brain Injury Foundation, which remains a successful self-help organization. In his ongoing work as a psychotherapist and rehabilitation psychologist, the number of people with brain injuries has increased, but the resources for patients and their families continues to decrease.
The primary mission of this page is to continue to assist brain injured individuals and their families by helping connect them to essential resources. For professionals and other interested individuals, links to relevant organizations and research areas are provided.
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Schröder, S., Ruff, R.M. and Jäncke, L. “Posttraumatic stress disorder exacerbates emotional complaints but not cognitive impairments in individuals suffering from postconcussional disorder after mild traumatic brain injury.” Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie 26, 1-14. (2015)
Bush, S.S., Heilbronner, R.L., Ruff, R.M., Young, G. “Psychological Assessment of Symptom and Performance Validity, Response Bias, and Malingering: Official Position of the Association for Psychological Advancement in Psychological Injury and Law.” Psychology, Injury and Law 7, 197–205. (2014)
Ruff, R.M. “Selecting the appropriate psychotherapies for individuals with traumatic brain injuries: What works and what does not?” NeuroRehabilitation 32, 771-779. (2013)
Schröder, S., Weyer Jamora, C., and Ruff, R.M. “Pain and mild traumatic brain injury: The implications of pain severity on emotional and cognitive functioning.” Brain Injury 10, 1134-1140. (2013)
Watters, N., Ruff, R.M. and Weyer Jamora, C. “Can a posttraumatic stress disorder be caused by a traumatic injury to a companion pet? International Journal of Psychological Studies 5, 182-186. (2013)
Sweet, J.J., Perry, W., Ruff, R.M., Shear, P.K. and Guidotti Breting L.M. “The Inter-Organizational Summit on Education and Training (ISET) 2010 Survey on the Influence of the Houston Conference Training Guidelines.” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 27, 796-812. (2012)
Weyer Jamora, C., Young, A., and Ruff, R.M. “Comparison of subjective complaints with neuropsychological tests in individuals with mild versus more severe traumatic brain injuries.” Brain Injury 26, 36-47. (2012)
Bauer, R.M., Iverson, G.L, Cernich, A.N., Binder, L.M., Ruff, R.M., and Naugle, R.I. “Computerized neuropsychological assessment devices: Joint Position Paper of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology and the National Academy of Neuropsychology. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 27, 362-373. (2012)
Zelinski, E., Spina, L.M., Yaffe, K., Ruff, R.M., Kennison, R.F., Mahncke, H.W., and Smith, G.E. “Improvement in memory with plasticity-based adaptive cognitive training: Results of the 3-month follow-up.” Journal of the American Geriatric Society 59, 258-265. (2011)
Ruff, R.M. “Mild traumatic brain injury and neural recovery: Rethinking the debate.” 20th Anniversary Article. NeuroRehabilitation 28, 167-180. (2011)